The Marketing Mix Applied to the Digital World – Promotion

Well grab the tissues, as it’s the final instalment of why the marketing mix applies to the digital world, and today we’re looking at ‘Promotion’!.

So what does ‘Promotion’ mean when we think of it in digital terms? Well it’s how you can use digital channels to inform, create awareness and persuade an audience to buy your products or services.

Out of all the ‘Ps’, Promotion is by far the broadest and most diverse, as when you think about it, the whole digital marketing landscape is based on promotional elements, whether that’s Search, Social Media or Banner ads. Here’s an overview of all those channels.


  • Found on the internet, a website contains webpages on information on what a brand sells or offers . To explain this a website has certain design elements and includes text, images and or videos to portray this. Website analytics can be used to monitor activity on it

Search Marketing

  • SEO (Search Engine Optimisation): The natural search results in a search engine. The results will appear in a set ranking depending on keywords
  • PPC (Pay Per Click): The paid listings that normally appear directly under the search bar, or to the right of the screen. The ranking of these is based on how much you pay for keywords


  • Banner Ads: Adverts containing rich media, either an image or video, that appear on a webpage. These ads might be interactive or a still image. Clicking on them will take the user to another website related to that ad or to a call to action
  • Affiliate Marketing: A customer sees an advert for an Apple iPad (Merchant) on The Guardian’s website (Publisher) – If the customer clicks on the ad and goes onto to purchase the iPad, the publisher receives a commission on that sale

Public Relations

  • Public Relations: Managing a brands awareness, understanding and reputation through influencing how they are exposed in the media
  • Online PR: Trying to maximise favourable mentions or opinions of your company, brand, products or website on a third-party website

Viral Marketing

  • Online word of mouth (WOM) usually in the form of a video, image, website or link that is fun, creative or entertaining and is sent amongst people

Email Marketing

  • A form of direct marketing where an email is sent to a recipients inbox. The email might be received either as a promotional tool or after signing up to a newsletter

Three types of emails

  • Outbound Email Marketing: Email campaigns are sent out by companies to customers or prospects as direct marketing to encourage purchase or to build an engaging relationship
  • Permission based Email/Opt In: Customers or prospects have given permission to receive email marketing messages, so it’s not seen as cold emails or SPAM
  • Inbound Email Marketing: Where a company manages the emails that customers send to them enquiring about products or services –e.g. customer service, care, support or help

Social Media

  • A network or community where users interact with one another by creating, sharing and exchanging ideas and content
  • Blog: An online diary created by an individual to communicate with an audience their views or opinions…like this one!


  • Mobile Ads: Banner adverts that include images or videos that appear on a mobile screen

For a greater in-depth discussion on Mobile, please read The Mobile Marketing Mix (nice cross-blog promotion there!)

Wow, that’s a lot of digital promotional tools! But each one of these techniques has opened up many channels and avenues that brands can use to promote their offering. They all have the ability to generate traffic to the website, relevant calls to action and most importantly, a purchase!

So, alas, that’s it. We’ve delved into the traditional marketing mix, and seen how it has definitely got a place in this dynamic digital world. It’ll be interesting to see how digital adapts and develops over the next few years and how the marketing mix is further expanded.

Thanks for reading and please feel free to comment. For more digital marketing news please follow my blog or my Twitter account @DigitalStuart.

Here’s a full list of all four ‘Marketing Mix Applied to the Digital World’ blogs for your enjoyment.

The Marketing Mix Applied to the Digital World – Product

The Marketing Mix Applied to the Digital World – Price

The Marketing Mix Applied to the Digital World – Place

The Marketing Mix Applied to the Digital World – Promotion


The Marketing Mix Applied to the Digital World – Place

It’s that time once again to explore how the 4P’s can apply to the modern digital world and having already covered Product and Price, today we’re going to look at Place!


The ‘Place’  element of the marketing mix is simple, where can I buy that product or service. And the biggest development of digital on ‘Place’ is the creation of e-commerce. This enables customers to purchase products or services online via a website, or an app if it’s M-Commerce.  

The internet’s emergence has seen customers benefit from not having to visit a store to make their purchase, instead do it wherever they are. The advantages of this are that it’s much easier, more convenient, quicker and can be cheaper. But also the problem of opening and closing times in stores is no longer an issue and you can shop till you drop 24/7 365 days a year. Also the selection of products and services on offer are much higher with greater choice.

However, with the rise of purchasing online comes the increased competitiveness on the internet with many brands purely online and not having a store. So with many brands competing online businesses have to invest more money and time in their websites. Therefore, they must ensure the design, appearance, usability and navigation of it are highly effective if they’re to compete.

But some businesses are using their online store to complement their bricks and mortar stores to create a bricks and clicks experience. Here you can buy something and then collect it in-store, a click-and-collect strategy. For instance, purchasing a new TV online and then collecting it in-store.

New Channel Structures

The rise of websites and e-commerce has seen new channel structures occurring, namely Disintermediation and Reintermediation.


This is the process of cutting out intermediaries in the supply chain. For instance, cutting out retail stores and purchasing straight from a website. An example of this is purchasing your PC directly from Dell instead of going to a PC World retail outlet.


This is the opposite, as here intermediaries are added into the supply chain. For instance, price comparison sites allow you to purchase the product or service via them on behalf of the retailer, and in exchange the site gets a commission on the sale. Thus it’s an affiliate marketing intermediary.

Virtual Organisations

I touched on this earlier, but the rise of e-commerce websites has seen pureplay retailer’s increase too. So as mentioned these providers only sell online and not in stores therefore they have lower overheads. Also the distribution to deliver their products is outsourced to an external provider.

The main costs incurred for a pureplay retailer are the websites design and technical aspects, staff to maintain it, and distribution and warehouse costs. But the great thing for pureplay retailers is they aren’t restricted by geography or time and can supply a greater choice of products both tangible and digital.

So there we have it. The marketing mixes traditional element of ‘Place’ has definitely got a part to play in the digital world as a result of the rise of e-commerce and websites.

Next time it’s the final part of this series of blogs, as we delve into Promotion!

Thanks for reading and please feel free to comment. In the meantime please follow this blog and my Twitter account @DigitalStuart for more digital marketing news. 

The Marketing Mix Applied to the Digital World – Price

Having explored the ‘Product’ part of the marketing mix, this blog is going to explain how ‘Price’ can be applied to the digital era.

Price Transparency

One of the main benefits of the digital world is that customers can now use websites to compare prices on products and services before purchasing them. Therefore, customers can make much more informed decisions on their purchase in order to get the best deal or lowest price. Previously if you wanted to purchase a TV you might have to walk into three or four shops to compare prices. However, now just a quick search on a number of websites or in the search engine can find the customer the best deal.

Also price transparency has been helped with the rise of comparison websites that do all price comparing for you. Something such as can compare anything from car insurance to energy providers potentially saving customers a lot of money. 

In addition, customers can now research prices before purchasing in store. For instance, you might research all the different phone providers before purchasing a new iPhone, then go to the brands actual store that has the best offer to buy it.

Auctions and Bidding

The internet has also seen the development from the traditional B2B and B2C network, with customers to customer selling and buying, or C2C. This has risen through the introduction of auction and bidding websites such as eBay.  Here the highest bidder essentially ‘wins’ the product and as a result purchases it. So the traditional marketing element of pricing has been changed to an online auction through the digital aspect of websites.

Other Pricing Elements

Websites have also added many other pricing structures and policies for bands when selling products or services online. Purchasing online now has the added cost of paying for postage and packaging, and if you want your product to arrive quickly, this can add quite a significant cost to the final price!

Also some products might have dynamic pricing on them which change in response to demand, with an increase when the product is in limited stock. In a traditional retail store this wouldn’t be possible, but now with websites, retailers can alter their prices instantly.  Finally, customers have the chance to gain more discounts or add-ons when combining a variety of products. For instance, purchasing a marketing book online from Amazon could enable you to get 10% off on another related book to that.

So there we have it, the digital world has definitely had an impact on the pricing part of the marketing mix from price transparency to auctions, and once again illustrates how a traditional element can be enhanced through digital.

Next time we’ll delve into how ‘Place’ has changed in response to the wonders of the digital world!

Thanks for reading and please feel free to comment.  For more digital news please follow my blog or my Twitter account, @DigitalStuart.

The Marketing Mix Applied to the Digital World – Product

The 4P’s or the marketing mix has long been seen as the main foundations of any marketing campaign but can this traditional concept relate to the new digital era? This blog post is going to explain why the 4P’s CAN be adapted to the digital marketing environment, starting with the first ‘P’, Product.

Digital/Virtual Products  

The first reason why ‘Product’ can be applied to the digital era is the recent rise of digital and virtual products.  Digital products are obviously intangible so they aren’t your standard items and could come in many forms, such as ones that can be accessed through a subscription or be downloaded.

Here are some examples of those digital products:

Subscriptions:  Access to The Times newspaper online, subscribing to Netflix to watch a film, signing up to a Sainsbury’s newsletter, upgrading to a paid account on LinkedIn

Downloads: Music from iTunes or Spotify, e-books from Amazon, games and films from Netflix

However, it could be argued that both these types of digital products are actually combined as you have a subscription on a site such as Netflix where you download films. Therefore, both can be interrelated in some way, although are independent too.  There are other forms of digital products that don’t really fit in either of the aforementioned categories such as paying for a PPC campaign via Google AdWords, registering a domain name on Go Daddy or applying for a loan on NatWest’s website.  Thus illustrating the vast array and diversity of virtual products!

There’s no doubt about it though that a whole new business opportunity and market has been created through the creation of digital and virtual products. But the question of whether these new virtual products have killed off the traditional or tangible ones is raised. This decline is evident in music as we now download our favourite songs from iTunes rather than buy the CD or buying the latest book release from Amazon onto our Kindle’s rather than the hardback copy.

Product Offerings

Another reason ‘Product’ can be applied to the digital era is through the rise of Ecommerce and the ability for products to be purchased online. Therefore, we’re moving away from selling virtual products back to selling physical products, only this time via websites. There are many benefits for customers of buying products online such as:

–  More choice and variety – No longer restricted to just what is on sale in a store
–  Greater product descriptions (price, images, info, sizes, reviews, technical info, stock levels)
–  Advanced search options (search by price, age, specification, size, type)

With the rise of a greater depth of products has seen the term ‘long tail’ coined. A concept popularised by Chris Anderson in Wired which is where retailers can stock less popular products. For example, Amazon sells many books that aren’t in the ‘top 100’, but through the long tail, they can offer these less known titles.

Improved Product Service

Finally, the rise of products being sold over the internet has also seen improvements in customer service levels.  Before buying a product customers can now access a multitude of information about the product prior to purchasing it.  This could include product reviews, customer comments, product ratings, endorsements, awards, case studies or testimonials which can all help with the final purchase.

In addition, if a customer requires help or has an issue they can find what they are looking for via pages such as ‘Help’, ‘Contact Us’ or ‘F&Q’s’.  Furthermore, with the rise of online warranties, guarantees and money back offers customers can easily change products without much hassle.

So ‘Yes’ the first element of the marketing mix, Product, can definitely be applied to the digital era, whether that’s taking something traditional like a product and combining it with something digital like selling it via a website, or creating an entire new product avenue of digital products.

Thanks for reading and stay tuned for the next ‘P’, Price!

For more digital marketing news please follow my blog or my Twitter account @DigitalStuart.